Thursday, April 19, 2018

Laurelhurst Elementary School From 1900-Present

Laurelhurst School, Seattle, 1930
Courtesy MOHAI (Image No. MOHAI 83.10.4190)

History Link published an interesting history of Laurelhurst Elementary School, which was built in 1930.

A long-time Laurelhurst resident who attended the Elementary School told the Blog staff that he sang this song around 1962:
“Hats off to LaurelhurstSchool that we loveWe’ll strive to win the fateThat she deservesFirst now and evermoreWe’ll show our loyaltyHats off to LaurelhurstFor we love thee

Laurelhurst School (History Link)

In 1900, 50 wealthy men bought 54 acres on Webster Point in northeast Seattle and founded the Seattle Golf Club, between what is now NE 35th and NE 40th streets. Developers bought the golf course and adjacent land in 1906 and divided it into house lots for sale. 
To reach this neighborhood, known as Laurelhurst, from downtown Seattle, visitors took a streetcar to Madison Park and, from there, a steamer across the mouth of Union Bay to a dock on the west side of Webster Point (south of NE 35th).  
In 1912, a community dock and public boathouse had been built where the steamers landed. There were 18 houses in the neighborhood, with an additional four in Laurelhurst Heights, site of the former golf course. Local children attended Yesler School, which they reached by walking west across Yesler Creek and the Northern Pacific Railroad tracks. 
In August 1915, Laurelhurst residents urged the Seattle School Board to locate a portable in their neighborhood. The next spring, Laurelhurst Annex opened at 43rd Avenue NE and (N)E 34th Street as an annex to Yesler School, near the old steamer dock. The Yesler School janitor walked over every morning to build a fire in its large stove. This one-room portable held one class for grades 1-3 or 1-4. 
The first teacher, Alice Clayton Mooers, recounted this story of the heavy snowfall of 1916: "I walked all the way from North Broadway to school in spite of the knee-deep snow because I knew some of the children would be there. Two or three were waiting at the door and I sent them home. We kept a weather calendar at that time and there was snow on the ground for six weeks." 
In 1919, a new, larger portable was opened on top of the hill to the north. The former annex was leased to the Episcopal Church for Laurelhurst Mission and its successor, St. Stephen's Mission. In 1925, the district reclaimed the property. After World War I, it became part of the Union Bay Village veterans' housing complex, affiliated with the University of Washington. 
Laurelhurst School opened in October 1, 1919, as an annex to Bryant. It was located on 2.75 acres at (NE) 45th Street & 46th Avenue NE. At first, it had two rooms, one for grades 1-3 and the other for grades 4-6. A large wood stove heated the building and was used to heat soup at noontime, as well as for hot chocolate and coffee. Enrollment grew from 44 in 1920-21 to 117 in 1927-28. 
A permanent school opened on the same site in 1928. The next year Laurelhurst became independent, serving grades 1-8 for the first time. The school paper, the Laurel Leaf, got its start the same year. A lunchroom portable was added in 1930. In 1936-37, the year kindergarten was added, enrollment totaled 450, and portable classrooms were added. 
In 1940, a four-room addition replaced four portables. During World War II, U.S. Army troops occupied the park across the street to the south, living in tents and a permanent barrack. Children had to walk around the perimeter of the installation going to and from school. From the ballfield, anyone hitting a ball into the machine gun nest got an automatic double. 
By 1944, the auditorium was divided into two classrooms and three portables were in use.  
In support of an upcoming school levy, an October 1944 Seattle Times article proclaimed, "Laurelhurst Pupils Must Eat in 'Heats' or They Go Hungry." The 400 children who ate lunch at the school had to go in shifts because the lunchroom portable held only 130 at a time and had only one door for entry and exit. "In order to enable all the pupils to find shelter at noon time, lunch periods [were] staggered in a schedule so complicated it makes a railroad time table look like a primary reader … The time when one group is excused for lunch depend[ed] entirely on how long it [took] their predecessors … To cope with this variable problem, 'runners' or 'spotters' from the classrooms [went] to the lunchroom to carry the word back to the teachers -- like little Paul Reveres." 
Laurelhurst became a K-6 school in 1946-47. An addition to the building was finally built in 1950, with six classrooms, a lunchroom, and an auditorium. At the same time, a gymnasium (the Laurelhurst Fieldhouse) was added, with 67 percent of its funding coming from the Seattle Parks Department, which operated a public playfield in Laurelhurst Park to the south. 
By 1955-56, the 19 classrooms were supplemented by 10 portables on the playground in order to hold the peak enrollment of almost 1,100 pupils. The opening of Sand Point School in 1958 helped relieve enrollment pressure not only at Laurelhurst but at View Ridge and Bryant as well. 
In 1960-61, Laurelhurst served 850 students and required only seven portables. An overpass across NE 45th Street was completed in 1960, linking the school and playfield, as originally proposed by the Laurelhurst Community Club in 1927. 
An Individually Guided Education Program began in September 1970. The same year, Laurelhurst 6th graders moved on to middle school as part of the district's K-5-3-4 program. Teachers received specialized training and organized into teams with an emphasis on individualized instruction. 
In 1993, Laurelhurst became the only school in the district to be accredited by the Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges. To receive accreditation, the school had to complete a two-year self-study process. Recently, student and adult volunteers created a Peace Garden in honor of Aki Kurose, who taught at Laurelhurst for 25 years (see Kurose). 

Seattle Public Schools, 1862-2000: Laurelhurst School
This People's History of Laurelhurst School is taken from Building for Learning: Seattle Public School Histories, 1862-2000 by Nile Thompson and Carolyn J. Marr. The book, published in 2002 by Seattle Public Schools, compiled profiles of all the public school buildings that had been used by the school district since its formation around 1862. The profiles from the book are being made available as People's Histories on courtesy of Seattle Public Schools. It should be noted that these essays are from 2000. Some of the buildings profiled are historic, some of recent vintage, and many no longer exist (new names and buildings not included in these profiles from 2000 have been added), but each plays or has played an important role in the education of Seattle's youth.

Aerial view, Laurelhurst School, Seattle, 1960
Courtesy Seattle Public Schools (Image No. 242-1)

Aerial view, Laurelhurst School, Seattle, 1970
Courtesy Seattle Public Schools (Image No. 242-5)

No comments: